The 15 most beautiful words and phrases in the Welsh language and their meaning


The Welsh language has many words that are beautiful, like ‘cwtch’ and ‘hiraeth’, to name a few. It is a proud language spoken by almost 900,000 people according to the latest figures, and is also spoken in the Welsh colony in the province of Chubut, Argentina.

What makes the language so passionate and beautiful is the way each word should be pronounced with some degree of rigor, allowing the sentences to flow lyrically. The Welsh government is keen for the language to develop further and become a more widely used means of communication rather than a niche dialect for some rural communities.

Arguably one of the best ways to promote the language is to identify its best parts, reports WalesOnline. So with that in mind, here are a few that refer to animals, greetings, places, and more, and their meanings.

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1. Buwch Goch Gota

Its literal translation is “little red cow” but it means “ladybug” in Welsh.

Buwch Goch Gota on chamomile flowers on a spring meadow

2. Gwdiho

Pronounced as ‘good-ee-hoo’, this word means an owl.

3. Road

This word is often used to mean “fun,” but it’s also used when saying goodbye to someone. It is also a shortened version of ‘hwyl fawr’, which also means goodbye.

4. Gorffennaf

Gorffennaf means July in Welsh. “Gorffen” means “end” and “af” is a shortened version of “haf”, which means “summer”. The name of the month therefore means the “end of summer”.

5. Dad-Dad

A term often used in parts of North Wales to refer to “sweets”. “Da” means “good” in Welsh, so the literal translation is “bon bon” and is similar to “bonbon” in French, which also means “good bon” and is used to refer to sweets.

Reporting on Pen Y Dre High School, Merthyr and how the school has made its pupils speak more Welsh, in line with curriculum reforms and Welsh Government goals.
In recent years the Welsh language has been pushed into schools in Wales

6. Cynefin

This Welsh word has no direct English translation and can be loosely translated as “habitat” or “birthplace”. Artist Kyffin Williams described it as follows: “[A] relationship: the place of birth and of your upbringing, the environment in which you live and to which you are naturally acclimatized”.

7. Pendwmpien

Pronounced as “pen-doom-peeahn” and means “to doze” or “to fall asleep”.

8. Eleni

In Welsh we have a singular word to describe ‘this year’.

9. Pili-pala

The Welsh word for ‘butterfly’.

Do you have any that we missed? Tell us in the comments


It means a “kiss”.

11. Bendigedig

Bendigedig is the Welsh word for “fantastic”.

If you don't say thank you, drive when you get off a bus or taxi, are you really Welsh?

12. Cymrou

The Welsh name for Wales. ‘Cymru’ and ‘Cymry’ (the latter meaning Welsh people) derive from the Brythonic word ‘combrogi’, meaning ‘compatriots’.

13. Adref/Carref

Variations of these two words are used throughout Wales, but they all mean the same thing: ‘home’.

14. Brother

‘Bro’ means a region or valley and is usually used in place names such as Bro Morgannwg (Vale of Glamorgan). Like ‘cynefin’, however, it can be used to describe where you are from – ‘bro fy mebyd’, which can mean ‘the place where I was born’ or ‘the place of my childhood’.

15. Hedd / Heddwch

‘Hedd’ and ‘heddwch’ mean ‘peace’ in Welsh.

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